With regular eye screening, you can help protect your eyes from potentially serious conditions that may result in vision loss or even irreversible blindness. These include:
- Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – Commonly associated with old age, AMD refers to damage in the retina’s macula, resulting in no or blurry central vision. One of the leading causes of vision loss, this condition has no cure, but its progression can be prevented using vitamins, medicines and laser therapy.
- Cataract – Like AMD, the development of cataracts is closely related with age. Cataracts refer to the clouding of the eye’s lenses, caused by the breakdown and clumping of proteins in the eyes. This results in dim or blurry vision. The condition is typically treated via bladeless cataract surgery, which replaces the cloudy lens with a clear one.
- Glaucoma – Caused by damage in the optic nerve, glaucoma results in progressive and irreversible vision loss if left untreated. The condition may be incurable, but its progression can be slowed down with immediate treatment in the form of special eyedrops or surgery.
- Refractive errors – Myopia (nearsightedness) and presbyopia (farsightedness) can be detected through eye screenings. Immediate detection of these conditions can help doctors prescribe spectacles or surgical options (in serious cases) to correct vision and prevent the condition from worsening.
- Retinal detachment – This serious condition occurs when the retina pulls or tears away from its original position, leading to permanent vision loss. If diagnosed early, its effects can be stopped, though damage to the vision is irreversible.
For children, eye screening can also detect strabismus (crossed eyes), amblyopia (lazy eyes), cataracts due to a genetic illness or eye infections, conjunctivitis and retinoblastoma.